It is practically a Turing-complete language so anything can be done on it. Most of the things one can do in Python can also be done in Java. Jpython is a Python version that runs on Java in the JVM (Java Virtual Machine). In this guide, we will dive into the procedure of looking up the Java version on Ubuntu Linux and install it if it is not already available.
Understanding the Java Version
The Java version is an indicator of the release of Java software currently under use by your OS.
It is highly recommended that the version be updated for better performance, stability, sophisticated features, and the latest security patches. This can go a long way and help you in preventing many unwanted issues and staying up to date.
Many websites, packages, or libraries require you to update to the latest Java version. So, it is preferred to stay one step ahead and have the latest release downloaded on your system. For instance, the latest Java version enables you to view 3D images along with other exciting features.
So, without further ado, let’s delve into the procedure of Java version verification and installation.
Checking Your Java Version
Start by checking your Java version. To do this, simply type the following in the terminal window.
This will give us the Java version that’s currently in use.
However, as evident from the picture above, Java isn’t installed on our system. But the terminal gives us options to install packages. Copying these commands and running them should get you the version installed directly via the terminal. All these versions are “headless”, meaning they don’t require a graphical user interface.
However, to download the latest release (16.02), you can use the browser method. Now, let’s go through the step-by-step process of installation.
Installing Java Using the Browser
Follow the steps to download Java.
Go to Google and search “download java JDK” and open the first link from the search results.
JDK is the “Java Development Kit” used to develop programs that run on Java. Alternatively, you can click on the link here to go directly to the page.
Under the “Java SE downloads”, go to “Java SE 16” as that is the latest version. The next step is to download JDK.
Scroll through the packages till you find the “Linux x64 Debian Package”. Download the file next to it. Ubuntu uses Debian packages to install programs, so you’ll see that the file has a .deb extension.
Once you are done with the download, open the folder where the downloaded package is located. Right-click anywhere in the window and select “Open in Terminal”.
Type the following command in the terminal to start unpacking the downloaded package.
$ sudo dpkg –i jdk-16.0.2_linux-x64_bin.deb
You can replace the highlighted part of the command with the name of the package corresponding to the Java version you downloaded.
Having done that, you can type in the following command to confirm that Java is installed on your system.
With that out of the way, set your package as the alternative. To do that, use the following command:
$ sudo update-alternatives –install /usr/bin/java java /usr/lib/jvm/jdk-16.0.2/bin/java 1
Now, we can finally check and verify our version by typing the following:
To install the compiler, just use the same command as before, only this time replace “java” with “javac”.
$ sudo update-alternatives –install /usr/bin/javac javac /usr/lib/jvm/jdk-16.0.2/bin/javac 1
To check the Javac version, type the following command:
Additionally, to set the java_home path, enter the following:
$ sudo gedit /etc/environment
Once the text editor opens, paste the copied line and assign it to “JAVA_HOME” as demonstrated below.
Once this is done, clear the screen and type in the following commands to complete the process of Java home path configuration.
$ echo $JAVA_HOME
Some Important Commands
Given below are certain commands you can use to check your version alongside other important things.
$ update-java-alternatives -1
(This command shows all the Java versions installed on your system.)
(Shows Java version you are using.)
(Shows version of Java you are currently using.)
(Shows the version of Java compiler.)
$ whichjava OR $ whereis java
(To find the location of Java.)
Remove Java Versions
To remove Java from your system, you can type in the following command:
$ sudo apt remove default-jdk default-jre
To remove the package:
$ dpkg –list | grep jdk
$ sudo apt remove jdk-16.0.2
Press “Y” followed by “ENTER” and the package will be uninstalled.
Should You Use JRE or JDK?
To run Java programs, you’ll need JRE (Java runtime environment). It is compatible with Windows, Linux, Mac, Solaris, and many more.
JDK (Java Development Kit) is used to develop Java applications. It is usually where most programmers start from. It depends on what you want to do.
When to Use JDK
- You want to write Java programs. It comes with a compiler and Java application launcher.
- Has access to the main Java libraries for coding via Java application launcher which opens JRE.
When to Use JRE
- You have to use libraries and other files. It does not have compiler and error detection agents of its own.
- When you have to use utility packages like math or data related sets and instructions.
- To run applications running on Java.
Some Applications of Java
Java is mainly used in:
- Building Android applications.
- In developing web and cloud applications.
- Software tools like Eclipse and Netbeans.
- Scientific and Enterprise applications
To stay up to date and get a hands-on experience of the latest packages and software, keeping our programs updated is a must. This check and balance can really help us a long way in keeping our system efficient, protected, and up to date.